This page contains (1) Up-to-date brief summary (2) Short CV (3) Link to full but not updated CV.
(1) UP-TO-DATE BRIEF SUMMARY CV
Michael Lipton b. 1937; m Merle (nee Babrow), 1966 (currently Research Associate, Africa Programme, Chatham House; Visiting Research Fellow, King’s College, London); son, Emanuel, b. 1974 (garden designer, Black Rock Gardens, Brighton); grandson, Joshua, b.2004.
Current post: Emeritus Professor of Economics, Sussex University, and Emeritus Fellow, Institute of Development Studies.
Education: Haberdashers’, London, 1948-55; Balliol Coll., Oxford, 1957-60; Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 1962-3; and by the people of Kavathe village, Satara district, Maharsahtra, India 1965-66.
Degrees and awards: B.A. (1st cl.) Philosophy, Politics & Economics, Oxford 1960, M.A 1963; Fellow, All Souls Coll. Oxford 1961-8, 1983-4; Rockefeller Fellow, MIT 1962-3; D. Litt. 1982; CMG 2003; Fellow, British Academy 2006; Fellow Stellenbosch Inst. for Advanced Studies 2011; Leontief Prize 2012.
Main posts: Sussex University 1961-67, 1994 to date: Lect., Reader, Professor, Research Professor; supervised 25 successful PhDs. Poverty Res. Unit 1996-, founding director. Professorial Fellow, Inst. Development Studies (IDS) 1967-94 (Head, Vill-age Studies Prog. (VSP), 1972-8; post-harvest loss-studies, 1978-85; etc). Other: Myrdal Asian Drama team(NIESR London; Inst. Advanced Internat. Studs., Stockholm) 1960-62; ILO employment team, Sri Lanka, 1971; Employment Adviser, Govt. Botswana, 1977-9; Senior Econ. Adviser, World Bank, 1981-3; Director, Consumption & Nutrition, Internat. Food Policy Res. Inst., 1987-9; Lead Scholar, Internat. Fund for Agric. Development (IFAD), Rural Poverty Report, 1999-2001.
Research: 2011 to date: poverty reduction and (a) economic demography, (b) agricultural technology and institutions, (c) nutrition/ health, (d) development theory; the state of economics. 1985-2010: Poverty and: land reform; agricultural research/technology/ science; nutrition; aid; urban-rural relations. 1981-4: post-harvest grain loss. 1968-80: village-level variance and causality of migration, labour use and nutrition: books via VSP. 1961-8 : what “economic performance” is, and why OECD countries differ. Always: causes, effects, correlates, cures and measurement of rural poverty; rural-urban gaps, relations and biases.
Main work areas: India, Bangladesh; also Botswana, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, South Africa.
Books include: Assessing Economic Performance (1968), Migration from Rural Areas: evidence from village studies (with J. Connell et al., 1976); Why Poor People Stay Poor: Urban Bias and World Develpment (1977, 1988); Agriculture-Health Linkages (with E. de Kadt, 1988); New Seeds and Poor People (with R. Longhurst, 1989); Does Aid Work in India? (with J. Toye, 1991); Successes in Anti-poverty (2001); Land Reform in Developing Countries: property rights and property wrongs (2009).
Books edited include: The Crisis of Indian Planning (with Paul Streeten) 1968; Including the Poor (w. J. van der Gaag) 1993; Land Labour and Livelihoods in Rural S Africa (w. F. Ellis, M. de Klerk, Merle Lipton), 1996; (lead scholar) IFAD Rural Poverty Report 2001
Major inputs to: World Bank, 2000/2001 World Devel. Report [poverty]; UNDP Human Devel. Reports 1999-2002 [consumption; technology; agriculture]; Asian Devel. Bank, Emerging Asia(1997).
- Recent papers (of >150 in books/journals 1962-2016) include: Reviving global poverty reduction: what role for GM plants?, 1999 Crawford Lecture, CGIAR; Food & nutrition security: why food production matters, in FAO, State of Food and Agriculture 2000: lessons from 50 years; The family farm in a globalizing world (keynote, 4th Internat. Crop Science Congress, Brisbane; IFPRI 2020 papers, 2005); Farm water and rural poverty reduction, Irrigation & drainage, 2007; Plant breeding and poverty: can transgenic seeds replicate the “green revolution” as a source of gains for the poor?, J. Devel. Studs. 2007; Income from Work: The food-population-resource crisis in the ‘Short Africa’. Leontief Prize lecture, British Academy Rev. 2013; Africa’s national-accounts mess. J. Development Studies 2013] Food security, farmland access ethics, and land reform. With Yashar Saghai. Global Food Security 2016. Co-authored: With R. Eastwood: The impact of human fertility on poverty, J. Devel. Studs. 1999 (Seers Prize); Pro-poor growth and pro-growth poverty reduction: meaning, evidence, empirical implications, Asian Devel. Rev. 2000; Demographic transition and poverty: effects via growth, distribution, conversion’, in N. Birdsall et al. (eds.), Population Matters 2001; Rural and urban income inequality and poverty: convergence between sectors, divergence within? in G. A. Cornia (ed.),Inequality, Growth & Poverty in an Era of Liberalization & GlobalIsation 2004; Demographic transition in sub-Saharan Africa: How big will the economic dividend be?, Population StudiesMarch 2011. With R. Eastwood and J. Kirsten: Premature de-agriculturisation? Land inequality & rural dependency in Limpopo, S Africa, J. Devel. Studs. 2006. With RE and A. Newell: Farm size, in Handbook Agric. Econ. (vol. 4, 2009). With M. Ravallion: ‘Poverty and Policy’ inHandbook Devel. Econ. (vol. 3b, 1996). With Zhang Qi: ‘Reducing inequality & poverty in China’s liberalisation: rural/agricultural options’: S. Singh & R. Reddy (eds.) Changing Contours of Asian Agriculture: essays for Vijay Vyas 2009.
Advice and publication: international (see above); UK Dept. of Internat. Development, Royal Society. Co-author, Nuffield reports on ethics of GM crops (1999) and impact on developing countries (2003).
Boards, etc.: Overseas Development Inst. 1998-2011; Internat. Devel. Enterprises UK (micro-irrigation NGO) 2000-11; Journal of Development Studies 1968- (managing ed. 1970-75); HarvestPlus biofortification programme 1996-2011.
Contact: 15 Eaton Place, Brighton BN2 1EH, England; 44 1273 682065; email@example.com
(2) SHORT CV – Find a Word version of this short C.V. here
Date of Birth: 13 February 1937. Nationality: British. Married Merle (nee Babrow), 1966 (Res Associate for Southern Africa, Royal Inst. of International Affairs.Son, Emanuel, b. 1974 (garden designer, Black Rock Gardens, Brighton); grandson, Joshua, b.2004.
Education and Awards:
Domus Scholar, Balliol College, Oxford, 1957-60
Jenkyns Prize, 1958
George Webb Medley Prize in Economics, 1960
BA Philosophy, Politics and Economics, 1st Class, 1960 (MA 1979)
Fellowship by Examination, All Souls College, Oxford, 1961
Rockefeller Fellow, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1963-4
D.Litt., Sussex University, 1982.
Fellow, British Academy, 2005.
Seers Prize, 2012.
Present: Research Professor, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, School of African and Asian Studies, University of Sussex.
1995-96: Adviser and Theme Leader, ‘Quality of Life’ section, Asian Development Bank study of ‘Emerging Asia’.
From 1994: Professor of Development Economics and Director, Poverty Research Unit, University of Sussex.
1990-94; ‘79-87; 71-77: Fellow of the Institute of Development Studies and Professorial Fellow, University of Sussex.
1987-1990: Programme Director, Food Consumption and Nutrition Programme, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.
1982-84; 1961-68: Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.
1981-82: Senior Policy Adviser, World Bank, working in (among other things) the Task Force on the impact of Bank activities on poverty groups.
1977-78: Employment Development Adviser, Government of Botswana.
Sudan: 1962 (Summer): Visiting Lecturer, Khartoum U. June 1968: UK Technical Assistance Planning (ODM Advisory Mission with Dudley Seers).
Ethiopia: 1972: Visit to Ministry of Land Reform to assess technical assistance.
Botswana: 1977-78: Manpower and employment adviser to the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. Several shorter visits.
Kenya: To prepare EEC report on food strategy, 1985.
Zaire: To prepare EEC report on food strategy, 1985.
Sierra Leone: To analyse impact of rice research, 1988
India: 1965: Eight months’ fieldwork in Kawathe village, Maharashtra. 1970: Visits to 47 research institutions to retrieve and analyse village studies. 1973-7: Director, Indo-British on-farm grain storage project. 1986: Assessment of Ford Foundation proposal for NGO-’professional’ linkage. 1992: NABARD seminar on rural nonfarm sector. Frequent shorter research visits.
Pakistan: 1970: Assessing village studies research.
Sri Lanka: 1971, 1972: ILO Employment Mission and Editorial Group on agriculture, trade, aid (see ILO, Matching Employment Opportunities and Expectations, Geneva, 1971). 1978: Consultancy for Ministry of Planning (rice statistics; agricultural projections; plantation policy). 1979: Visit to study rice research. Frequent shorter visits.
Bangladesh: 1972-73: IBRD/ Planning Commission Team to assist with work for Agricultural Plan. Frequent shorter visits.
South Africa: Frequent short consi]ultancies since 1995, e.g. on asp[ects of agriculturtal research and of land reform.
Major Research Project Teams directed:
Director, 1987 – 1990 Consumption and Nutrition Research Programme: (International Food Policy Research Institute).
Six senior researchers, working with colleagues on the economic and nutritional effects of commercialisation and new technology in eight developing countries. I advised on numerous issues of funding, staffing, fieldwork and publication. A comparison of the rice research systems of Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka, involving an anthropologist, an agricultural scientist, and myself.
Director, Grain Storage Project: (IDS and Indian Grain Storage Inst. 1973-77; IDS and Govt. of Bangladesh, 1977-81).
The project analysed size and distribution of costs and benefits from alternative farm-level grain storage systems and improvements in Andhra Pradesh State, India, and Chandina and Comilla, Bangladesh. As Director I raised funds, and supervised pilot project and main project (4 economists, 1 entomologist, 6 fieldworkers, in 18 villages of Andhra Pradesh). Publications include a research report, a book – Food Grain Storage Losses in India: A Social Cost-Benefit Analysis, and several papers.
Director, 1969 -78, Village Studies Programme: (IDS)
The programme examined how types of village affected socio-economic outcomes. As Director I raised funds and supervised five senior staff (from four disciplines) to produce five books – on migration, village labour and employment, nutrition, methodology, and bibliography – and many papers.
Asian Development Bank: Theme Leader, ‘Quality of Life’ section, ‘Emerging Asia’ study, 1995-97; Advisory panel on Second Asian Agricultural Survey, ADB, 1986; Consultative Cttee., Asian Agricultural Resurvey, Manila, 1975, 1976.
Bangladesh Planning Commission: Agricultural Development Adviser, 1973-74.
Commonwealth Secretariat: Also study on ‘Reducing Dependence of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland on the Republic of South Africa’, 1978.
Consultative Group on International Economic Research: Review Panel to evaluate International Food Policy Research Institute, 1984. Modern Varieties impact study, 1985.
EU/EEC: Study of employment and labour use, to prepare recommendations for Govt. of Botswana (see p.1 ); Studies of food strategy, especially in Kenya and Zaire, 1985.
FAO: Coffee study, 1967, and other shorter consultancies.
FAO: Contribution to the State of Food and Agriculture Report 2000.
Ford Foundation, New Delhi: Report on ‘Linking Voluntary and Professional Skills in Rural Poverty Reduction’, India, 1986.
IBRD/IMF Finance Ministers’ Task Force on Concessional Flows – Aid-Effectiveness study: seeDoes Aid Work in India?, with John Toye, Routledge, 1991.
ILO: Core team, Sri Lanka employment ‘mission’, 1970-72; Member, Research Advisory Cttee., World Employment Programme, 1973-84; Consultant, poverty analysis (International Inst. of Labour Studies, ILO), 1994-96.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI): Secondary food crops and seasonal food insecurity, 1985; agricultural sustainability, 1991.
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD): Joint adviser on lending and project criteria, 1977; initial document on post-evaluation procedures. Member of team to programme Sri Lankan sectoral outlays in agriculture, and to identify poverty-reducing activities, 1979. Report on ‘Forces for change in dryland areas: poverty reduction, sustainability and the project cycle’, 1991.
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD): Rural Poverty Report 2000/1.
ODA: Numerous consultancies and advisory work, most recently (Sept. 1996) on the World Bank’s large new programme of micro-finance, CGAP.
OECD: Consultations and paper on agricultural aid to low-income countries, 1985.
Norwegian Ministry of Development Cooperation: Paper on ‘Improving the Impact of Aid for Rural Development’, 1986.
UNDP: Member of contributory team, Human Development Report 1997, 1996-97. Consultant, 5th UN Advisory Conference on Planning, Bangkok, 1970.
UNICEF/WHO: Course-Reunion Meeting, New Delhi, October 1975 (contribution and lectures on rural nutrition planning). Recession and Children Project, 1982.
WHO: Agriculture-Health Linkages (publication with E. de Kadt, 1988).
World Bank: Numerous, including Development Research Center Workshop on Rural Development, Washington D.C., 1975; Development Research Center Working Group on Poverty Problems, Tangier, April 1975; Development Economics Department, January 1975; Development Economics Department Conference on Rural-Urban Labour Market Interactions, Washington D.C., February 1976; Task Force on impact of Bank activities on poverty groups, 1981-82; West African agricultural statistics, 1985. Agricultural Development Policies and Theory of Rural Organisation, 1989; Agricultural Research and the International Community, 1991; Poverty Alleviation Workshop, Kuala Lumpur, 1991; Safety-nets Study, 1994-6.
Selected Publications: books
- Land Reform in Developing Countries: property rights and property wrongs. Routledge (2009)
- Successes in Anti-Poverty (with Shahin Yaqub). Internat. Inst. of Labour Studies (2001)
- (as lead scholar) Rural Poverty Report 2001. (International Fund for Agricultural Development) (2001).
- Land, Labour & Livelihoods in Rural South Africa (with F. Ellis, M. de Klerk and Merle Lipton). Indicator (Durban) (1996)
- Including the Poor (ed. with J. van der Gaag, and contributor). Routledge (1993)
- Does Aid work in India? With John Toye. Routledge (1991)
- New Seeds and Poor People. With Richard Longhurst. Unwin Hyman and Johns Hopkins (1989).
- Agriculture-health Linkages. With Emanuel de Kadt. World Health Organiuzation, 1988.
- Why poor people stay poor: Urban bias and world development. Temple Smith and Harvard University Press (1977)
- Migration from Rural Areas: The evidence from village studies. With J. Connell et al.Oxford University Press (1976)
- Assessing Economic Performance. Staples (McGibbon and Kee), London (1968)
- The Crisis of Indian Planning. (Editor and contributor, with Paul Streeten). (1968)
Selected publications: papers
- Food security, farmland access ethics, and land reform. With Yashar Saghai. Global Food Security 2016. At http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221191241630027X
- Farming, fertility, food: why has Bangladesh done better than expected? Can it continue to do so? Keynote address, 1st Bangladesh Economic Forum, Dhaka, 21 June 2014. In Bangladesh: Vision 2030, ed. Sadiq Ahmed, Mohiuddin Alamgir, Mustafa Mujeri and Atiur Rahman. Dhaka: Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management, 2015 At http://www.pri-bd.org/upload/file/bef_paper/1414213288.pdf
- Africa’s national-accounts mess. J. Development Studies 2013, 49(12):1765-71
- Income from Work: The food-population-resource crisis in the ‘Short Africa’. Leontief Prize lecture, Tufts University, Medford, MA, 3 April 2012. At http://www.ase.tufts.edu/gdae/about_us/leontief/LiptonLeontiefPrizeComments.pdf
- The demographic dividend: retrospect and prospect. With Robert Eastwood. Economic Affairs 2012, 32(1):26-30
- Green Revolutions for Sub-Saharan Africa? With Diana Hunt. Chatham House briefing paper, January 2011. At https://michaellipton.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/greenrevolution2011.pdf(With Robert Eastwood) Demographic transition in sub-Saharan Africa: How big will the economic dividend be? Population Studies (2011)
- (With R. Eastwood and Andrew Newell) Farm size. In Handbook Agric. Economics (vol. 4, 2009).
- (With Zhang Qi) Reducing inequality & poverty in China’s liberalisation: rural/agricultural options. In S. Singh & R. Reddy (eds.) Changing Contours of Asian Agriculture: essays for Vijay Vyas (2009)
- Farm water and rural poverty reduction, Irrigation & drainage, 2007
- Plant breeding and poverty: can transgenic seeds replicate the “green revolution” as a source of gains for the poor? J. Devel. Studs. 2007.
- With Robert Easwtood and Johann Kirsten: Premature de-agriculturisation? Land inequality & rural dependency in Limpopo, S Africa, J. Devel. Studs. 2006.
- The family farm in a globalizing world (keynote, 4th Internat. Crop Science Congress, Brisbane; IFPRI 2020 papers, 2005
- Rural and urban income inequality and poverty: converg-ence between sectors, divergence within? in G. A. Cornia (ed.), Inequality, Growth & Poverty in an Era of Liberalization & Globalisation (2004)
- Reviving global poverty reduction: What role for genetically modified plants? J. International Development 13: 823-846 (2001)
- With R. Eastwood. Demographic transition and poverty: effects via growth, distribution, conversion, in N. Birdsall et al. (eds.), Population Matters (2001)
- Challenges to meet: food and nutrition security in the new millennium. In Proc. Nutrition Society 60 (2): 203-214, (2001).
- Food & nutrition security: why food production matters, in FAO, State of Food and Agriculture 2000: lessons from 50 years (2001)
- With R. Eastwood. Pro-poor growth and pro-growth poverty reduction: meaning, evidence, empirical implications. Asian Devel. Rev. 2000
- With R. Eastwood. Rural-urban dimensions of inequality change. WIDER Working Paper No. 200. World Institute for Development Economics Research: Helsinki (2000)
- With R. Eastwood. The impact of human fertility on poverty, J. Devel. Studs. 1999 (Seers Prize).
- Reviving global poverty reduction: what role for genetically modified plants? 1999 Sir John Crawford Memorial Lecture. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research: Washington DC (1999)
- Poverty and Poverty. How Do They Interact? In Population and Poverty in Developing Countries. (Massimo Livi-Bacci and Gustavo de Santis, eds.) Clarendon Press: Oxford (1998)
- Poverty: are there holes in the consensus? In World Development 25 (7): 1003-07 (1997)
- Accelerated Resource Degradation by Agriculture in Developing Countries? The Role of Population Change and Responses to it. and Exogenous” Interest Rates, Technology, and Farm Prices versus “Endogenous” Conservaton Incentives and Policies. Both inSustainability, Growth, and Poverty Alleviation: A Policy and Agroecological Perspective(Stephen A. Vosti and Thomas Reardon, eds.) IFPRI Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press (1997)
- Growing mountain, shrinking mouse? Indian poverty & British bilateral aid. Modern Asian Studies 30 (3): 481-522 (1996)
- Rural Reforms and Rural Livelihoods: The Contexts of International Experience. In Land, Labour and Livelihoods in Rural South Africa, Vol. 1: Western Cape (Lipton, M. et al., eds.) Indicator Press, University of Natal (1996)
- Poverty and Policy with Martin Ravallion In Handbook of Development Economics(J. Behrman and T. Srinivasan, eds.) North Holland, Amsterdam (1996)
- Liberalisation, poverty reduction and agricultural development in India: some relationships. In India: The Future of Economic Reform. (R. Cassen and V. Joshi, eds.), OUP, Delhi (1995)
- An escape from the Malthus rectangle? Poverty and conversion efficiency. Pakistan Dev. Review 33 (4/1): 433-61 (1994)
- With Philip Payne. How third world households adapt to dietary energy stress.International Food Policy Research Institute: Washington DC (1994)
- Growing points in poverty reseach: labour issues International Institute of Labour Studies (1994)
- Creating rural livelihoods: some lessons for South Africa from experience elsewhere.With Merle Lipton. World Development 21 (9): 1515-48 (1993)
- Urban bias: of consequences, classes and causality. Journal of Development Studies 29 (4): 229-58 (1993)
- Land Reform as commenced business: the evidence against stopping. World Development 21 (4): 641-57 (1993)
- The state-market dilemma, civil society and structural adjustment. The Round Table: 80 (317): 21-31 (1991)
- and many earlier papers 1962-91.
Advice and publication: international (see above); UK Dept. of Internat. Development, Royal Society. Co-author, Nuffield reports on ethics of GM crops (1999) and impact on developing countries (2003).
(3) FULL CV – Find a longer version of this C.V. here. Please be aware that this is not currently up-to-date.